Sleep is a vital function essential for health because it allows the body to recover mentally and physically. Sleep disorders significantly affect the health and quality of life of people, causing alterations in cognitive function, memory loss, changes in behavior and problems in different organs of the human body. In this way, people with sleep disorders may have cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, metabolic diseases, alterations of the immune system and increased risk of death in the most severe cases.
Among sleep disorders, sleep apnea is one of the most frequent, to such an extent that it is currently a serious public health problem, due not only to its prevalence, but also to the consequences of sleep apnea on health of people. The prevalence of sleep apnea in children is 2 to 8%, according to race and is more frequent in children from 2 to 6 years. In adults the incidence of sleep apnea increases with age and aggravates some pre-existing diseases increasing mortality. This respiratory sleep disorder is responsible for millions and billions of dollars in direct costs (for traffic accidents) and indirect costs (for medical conditions) in different countries of the world.
Definition of Sleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders is a wide spectrum of diseases. It refers to alterations in the quality, quantity and pattern of your sleep. These lead to interruptions in your sleep primary functions which are providing rest and restoring the body’s energy levels.